Skip to main content

Table 2 Mean maximum forces before failure (N) and bending moment in all abutment groups

From: Implant-abutment screw removal torque values between customized titanium abutment, straight titanium abutment, and hybrid zirconia abutment after a million cyclic loading: an in vitro comparative study

Type of abutment Mean maximum forces before failure (N) ± SD Bending moment (Ncm) ± SD Post hoc Tukey’s HSD test of multiple comparison of mean removal torque (P-value)
Straight titanium abutment Hybrid zirconia abutment
Straight titanium abutment 1326.68 ± 74.83 2009.92 ± 113.37   
Hybrid zirconia abutment 1234.34 ± 38.81 1870.03 ± 58.80 0.164  
Customized titanium abutment 1262.29 ± 78.45 1912.37 ± 118.85 0.386 0.862