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Table 1 Modified PES-3 (mPES-3); in case of a deficiency, a minus sign, and in case of a surplus, a plus sign is added behind the original PES-3 score

From: Does the pre-operative buccal soft tissue level at teeth or gingival phenotype dictate the aesthetic outcome after flapless immediate implant placement and provisionalization? Analysis of a prospective clinical case series

Modified PES-3 (mPES-3): level of soft-tissue margin versus reference tooth
0− 1 2 1+ 0+
Major deficiency
> 2 mm
Minor deficiency
1–2 mm
No discrepancy
> 1 mm
Minor surplus
1–2 mm
Major surplus
> 2 mm