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Table 3 PROMs during the early healing stages

From: Patient-reported outcome measures and clinical outcomes following peri-implant vestibuloplasty with a free gingival graft versus xenogeneic collagen matrix: a comparative prospective clinical study

  XCM FGG p-value
Duration of pain (day) 5.52 ± 3.57 8.48 ± 2.80 0.005*
Mild pain (day) 2.71 ± 2.17 2.90 ± 2.32 0.785
Moderate pain (day) 2.10 ± 2.32 3.90 ± 2.86 0.030*
Severe pain (day) 0.81 ± 1.66 1.52 ± 2.14 0.234
Maximum pain 46.7 ± 25.9 61.9 ± 20.2 0.040*
Pain during daily oral activities
Speaking 25.2 ± 16.3 41.4 ± 21.3 0.009*
Chewing 47.1 ± 26.9 62.9 ± 20.3 0.039*
Drinkinga 0 (0) 0 (10.0) 0.259
Oral hygiene carea 10.0 (20.0) 10.0 (20.0) 0.275
Duration of swelling (day) 6.76 ± 3.05 8.00 ± 2.43 0.153
Maximum swelling 56.2 ± 26.0 63.8 ± 23.0 0.329
Duration of bleeding (day) 2.48 ± 2.69 2.86 ± 2.43 0.633
Maximum bleeding 26.2 ± 25.2 36.7 ± 24.6 0.180
  1. aData are presented as median (interquartile range), and Mann-Whitney U tests were used to calculate significance levels (p-value). Other data are presented as mean ± standard deviation. Independent sample T tests were used to calculate significance levels (p-value). *Statistically significant difference between groups (p < 0.05)