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Table 3 Information about selected studies including number of patients treated, number of MSFA performed, number of perforations, percentage of perforations recorded, management of the perforation performed, and main complications

From: Management of Schneiderian membrane perforations during maxillary sinus floor augmentation with lateral approach in relation to subsequent implant survival rates: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author/year Type of study Patients (number) Sinus lift (number) Perforations (number) Perforations rate Management of perforations Complications
Park et al. [4] Retrospective cohort 63 65 24 39% Clot formation Infection
Beck-Broichsitter et al. [47] Retrospective cohort 63 79 39 49.3% <5 mm: collagen memb or fibrin glue or clot.
>5 mm: suturing + collagen memb
Periimplantitis
Ferreira et al. [16] Retrospective cohort 531 745 237 31.8% Collagen membr + Reabsorbable suture for all perforations Areas with chronic inflammatory infiltration
Öncü E et al. [19] Retrospective cohort 16 20 10 50% PRF (<10 mm 햰)  
Froum et al. [48] Retrospective cohort 23 40 15 37.5% Resorbable collagen membrane (<10 mm
햰)
 
Oh E et al. [49] Retrospective cohort 128 175 60 34% Resorbable hemostatic agente Surgicel© (small-moderate perforations) Infection in 3 of the 60 perforations
Hernández-Alfaro et al. [50] Retrospective cohort 338 474 104 22% 0-5햰-collagen membr o suturing 5-10햰-collagen membr + laminar bone
>10 햰-laminar bone, buccal fat pad, mandibular bone block
Pain/sensitivity
Total   1162 1598 489 30.6% The main treatment was collagen membrane Infection was the most frequent complication