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Table 4 Overview on mean weight percentages of chemical elements of the different implant surfaces without and after treatment procedures regarding the groups

From: Effectivity of homecare and professional biofilm removal procedures on initial supragingival biofilm on laser-microtextured implant surfaces in an ex vivo model

Implant surfaces spCPTi sehCPTi CPTi Promote LL CPTi LL TAV
Native samples
 Mean Ti % 90.14 75.68 91.19 88.11 81.00
 Mean O% 9.86   8.81 8.41 8,16
 Mean Na %   13.76    
 Mean Cl %   10.56    
 Mean N %     3.48 1.90
 Mean Al %      6.73
 Mean V %      2.21
Air abrasive device using glycine powder
 Mean Ti % 64.11 65.56 67.82 53.66 60.62
 Mean O % 10.72 10.80 9.30 14.65 11.00
 Mean C % 11.65 6.18 8.12 15.57 7.24
 Mean N % 13.52 17.46 14.76 16.12 16.29
 Mean Al %      4.85
Toothbrush
 Mean Ti % 66.05 45.87 23.82 49.51 42.05
 Mean O % 8.60 13.50 18.86 16.69 15.78
 Mean C % 11.21 29.42 40.79 24.61 26.20
 Mean N % 14.14 11.21 16.53 9.19 13.12
 Mean Al %      2.85
  1. spCPTi smooth pickled titanium, sehCPTi hydrophilic smooth and acid-etched titanium, CPTi Promote titanium Promote, LL CPTi Laser-Lok titanium, LL TAV Laser-Lok titanium aluminium vanadium