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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria of the study

From: Effects of photofunctionalization on early osseointegration of titanium dental implants in the maxillary posterior region: a randomized double-blinded clinical trial

Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
Edentulous area on the posterior maxillary region Medically compromised patients with systemic conditions that can impede implant stability and influence the treatment outcome (e.g., type II diabetes mellitus, bisphosphonate administration, immune diseases related to bone metabolism, etc.)
Bone graft-requiring condition