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Table 3 Cell adhesion (24 h) and proliferation (72 h) on implant surfaces (mean ± SD)

From: Residual decontamination chemical agents negatively affect adhesion and proliferation of osteoblast-like cells on implant surface

  NT OT SLA ACQ CM
  Control Test p Control Test p Control Test p Control Test p Control Test p
24 h 4535.3 ± 2919.5a,c 1329.8 ± 205.7a,b > 0.9999 5140.0 ± 929.8c 2468.1 ± 658.7a,c,b 0.3205 3538.3 ± 2251.9a,c,b 864.6 ± 445.0a,b 0.3197 4109.6 ± 843.1a,c,b 1688.6 ± 326.2a,b 0.4444 4519.6 ± 559.2a,c 746.2 ± 863.2b 0.0498
72 h 14,368.7 ± 3481.8a 2160.7 ± 2912.0b < 0.0001 7694.3 ± 655.3 c 1446.8 ± 725.9 b 0.0026 7165.6 ± 122.0 c 642.0 ± 190.6 b 0.0016 8831.3 ± 402.5 c 2669.7 ± 562.5 b 0.003 6558.6 ± 1285.3 c 3267.3 ± 689.7 b 0.2833
p 0.02 0.6479   0.0177 0.1455   0.0495 0.4703   0.0009 0.0592   0.0654 0.0168  
  1. Tukey’s multiple comparisons test; post hoc Tukey; different letters in same line represent significant differences between groups
  2. C control (uncontaminated), T test (decontaminated)
  3. *Significant differences (p < 0.05); Tukey’s multiple comparisons test