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Table 2 Mean and standard deviation obtained for MSA volume and percentages of new bone (NB%), connective tissue (CT%), materials (M%), and bone marrow (BM%) for all groups and experimental periods

From: Maxillary sinus lift response to platelet-rich plasma associated with autogenous bone, ceramic biphasic HA/β-TCP (70:30), or deproteinized bovine bone

Parameter Periods AB DBB pBCP
AB/clot AB/PRP DBB/clot DBB/PRP pBCP/clot pBCP/PRP
MSA volume (mm3) 30 140.33 (17.26) 137.98 (13.41) 149.83 (10.51) 135.06 (21.44) 143.2 (15.75) 145.4 (20.34)
  60 131.91 (25.37) 105.84 (12.62) 148.14 (33.55) 144.69 (22.49) 164.47 (13.86) 153.27 (18.26)
  180 108.69 (31.85) 76.39 (25.41) 151.16 (24.13) 154.25 (34.48) 160.08 (11.18) 159.15 (13.33)
M% 30 17.35 (7.94) 7.91 (5.28) 42.33 (5.07) 44.71 (2.27) 46.81 (3.00) 44.43 (8.99)
  60 12.80 (5.93) 7.65 (3.32) 34.99 (3.73) 29.44 (4.21) 40.25 (2.85) 33.73 (4.03)
  180 2.27 (4.21) 4.51 (2.21) 30.92 (2.36) 30.08 (3.51) 37.03 (3.21) 38.66 (2.21)
CT% 30 12.45 (6.96) 16.01 (5.11) 29.92 (4.89) 31.66 (6.31) 20.38 (6.58) 26.56 (5.78)
  60 7.73 (7.05) 7.57 (3.00) 16.47 (5.01) 19.00 (5.97) 14.48 (2.62) 15.92 (2.47)
  180 7.76 (2.75) 8.02 (1.09) 9.23 (1.67) 11.01 (2.55) 14.25 (1.80) 11.38 (3.58)
NB% 30 30.00 (2.81) 34.43 (6.27) 22.46 (4.63) 21.21 (6.80) 21.96 (4.49) 19.49 (3.77)
  60 36.78 (6.17) 29.60 (5.38) 25.99 (0.87) 26.63 (1.64) 27.65 (1.08) 27.31 (2.33)
  180 18.79 (4.69) 24.09 (2.71) 27.11 (2.27) 28.55 (2.65) 25.20 (2.10) 27.06 (1.88)
BM% 30 39.95 (13.66) 41.54 (5.73) 4.74 (3.65) 1.84 (1.41) 10.09 (5.01) 8.50 (9.44)
  60 42.44 (10.40) 55.11 (5.78) 22.22 (4.83) 24.26 (6.04) 17.75 (2.97) 22.64 (5.72)
  180 71.04 (8.13) 63.34 (5.27) 32.52 (5.50) 30.08 (4.15) 22.55 (3.41) 22.21 (5.09)