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Table 3 Composition (%wt) of the surface of the healing abutment analyzed with EDS. Mean of 5 samples was presented

From: Investigation of different electrochemical cleaning methods on contaminated healing abutments in vitro: an approach for metal surface decontamination

Groups Charges and currents Titanium Carbon Others
I + 0.5 A 24.77 75.23 -
− 0.5 A 35.13 64.87 -
+ 1 A 62.82 37.18 -
− 1 A 84.10 15.90 -
+ 1.5 A 63.86 36.14 -
− 1.5 A 81.71 18.29 -
II + 0.5 A 21.48 74.14 Cu = 4.38
− 0.5 A 29.72 70.28 -
+ 1 A 50.15 39.65 Cu = 10.2
− 1 A 69.16 30.84 -
+ 1.5 A 51.05 38.11 Cu = 10.84
− 1.5 A 67.43 32.57 -
III + 0.5 A 32.77 67.23 -
− 0.5 A 41.04 58.96 -
+ 1 A 75.27 24.73 -
− 1 A 96.33 3.67 -
+ 1.5 A 72.37 27.63 -
− 1.5 A 96.88 3.12 -
Control - 97.56 2.44 -