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Table 4 Intra- and inter-observer measurement reliabilities and TEM for implant placement accuracy parameters

From: Influence of bone condition on implant placement accuracy with computer-guided surgery

Observer BL-LP MD-LP BL-LA MD-LA VP VA
Intra-observer 0.986 (0.095) 0.990 (0.080) 0.983 (0.114) 0.993 (0.080) 0.991 (0.079) 0.991 (0.089)
Inter-observer
 R.H.P NA NA NA NA NA NA
 N.Y. 0.937 (0.194) 0.909 (0.223) 0.936 (0.224) 0.904 (0.243) 0.896 (0.256) 0.911 (0.268)
 M.I. 0.885 (0.238) 0.831 (0.290) 0.968 (0.163) 0.889 (0.261) 0.898 (0.241) 0.920 (0.241)
Average 0.911 (0.216) 0.870 (0.257) 0.952 (0.193) 0.897 (0.252) 0.897 (0.249) 0.916 (0.255)
  1. Measurements are made by R.H.P (Ramadhan H. Putra), N.Y. (Nobuhiro Yoda), and M.I. (Masahiro Iikubo). Table entries are intraclass correlation coefficient of intra- and inter-observer measurement using single-measure, absolute agreement, and two-way mixed model; TEM in millimeters (in parentheses)
  2. NA not applicable, BL bucco-lingual, LP linear deviation at the implant platform, LA linear deviation at the implant apical, MD mesio-distal, VP vertical deviation at the implant platform, VA vertical deviation at the implant apical