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Table 3 Adhesion (24 h) and proliferation (48 h) index of HGF-1 and SC-EHAD cells at the different surfaces [median (mean ± standard-deviation)]

From: Surface roughness of titanium disks influences the adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of osteogenic properties derived from human

  HGF-1 SC-EHAD
24 h 48 h 24 h 48 h
M 3.0a (3.0 ± 0.0) 3.0a (3.0 ± 0.0) 2.0a (1.80 ± 0.78) 2.5a (2.50 ± 0.52)
B 4.0a,b (4.0 ± 0.0) 4.0a,b (3.90 ± 0.31) 4.0b (3.9 ± 0.31) 4.0b (4.0 ± 0.0)
NP 2.5a,c (2.40 ± 0.69) 3.0a,c (2.70 ± 0.48) 2.0c (2.10 ± 0.31) 2.0a (2.10 ± 0.56)
ACQ 2.0a,c (+) (2.30 ± 0.67) 3.0a,c (++) (2.70 ± 0.48) 4.0b (+) (4.0 ± 0.0) 4.0 b (++) (3.90 ± 0.31)
  1. Different letters (a,b,c) in columns mean significant differences between groups M, B, NP, and ACQ (p < 0.05; Kruskal-Wallis post hoc Dunn). Equal symbols in rows mean significant differences between cell types: (+) HGF-1 vs. SC-EHAD cultivated on ACQ disks at 24 h; (++) HGF-1 vs. SC-EHAD cultivated on ACQ disks at 48 h (p < 0.05; Kruskal-Wallis post hoc Dunn). No differences between 24 h and 48h were found in any of the groups (p > 0.05)