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Table 2 Roughness parameters analyzed by SurfCharJ plugin (ImageJ, NIH, USA) [Sample length 100 μm, surface leveling]

From: Surface roughness of titanium disks influences the adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of osteogenic properties derived from human

  M B NP ACQ
Rq 0.1289 0.1482 0.1956 0.1616
Ra 0.0983 0.1104 0.1574 0.1252
Rsk 1.9698* 1.5975 0.6909 1.3361
Rkv 13.4801 3.5427 0.1222 2.4683
Rv – 0.2893 – 0.2174 – 0.4170 – 0.2591
Rp 1.9496 0.8084 0.6484 1.1277
Rt 2.2388 1.0258 1.0653 1.3867
Rc – 0.0046 0.0012 0.0009 – 0.0030
  1. *Significant differences between M, B, NP, and ACQ (p = 0.035)