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Table 3 Hard tissue components in percentages (%) in the various regions of the elevated area in the plasma and control sites after 10 weeks of healing. Mean values (in bold) ±standard deviation and 95% confidence interval (upper; lower)

From: New bone ingrowth into β-TCP/HA graft activated with argon plasma: a histomorphometric study on sinus lifting in rabbits

  OB IBN Total new bone β-TCP HA
Bone walls plasma 25.1 ± 7.5
(20.1; 30.0)
22.0 ± 6.8
(17.5; 26.5)
47.1 ± 12.4
(39.0; 55.1)
20.1 ± 10.1
(13.5; 26.8)
Bone walls control 24.4 ± 8.5
(18.9; 29.9)
17.5 ± 8.7
(11.8; 23.2)
41.9 ± 12.5
(33.7; 50.1)
25.0 ± 11.9
(17.2; 32.8)
p 0.859 0.051 0.214 0.051
Central plasma 11.8 ± 11.6
(4.2; 19.4)
21.4 ± 11.2
(14.1; 28.8)
33.2 ± 19.6
(20.4; 46.0)
29.4 ± 18.6
(17.2; 41.6)
Central control 5.9 ± 6.5
(1.6; 10.1)
17.9 ± 13.3
(9.2; 26.6)
23.8 ± 19.1
(11.3; 36.2)
38.9 ± 15.0
(29.1; 48.7)
p 0.161 0.362 0.208 0.214
Sub-mucosa plasma 12.2 ± 11.7
(4.5; 19.8)
12.4 ± 11.8
(4.7; 20.1)
24.6 ± 20.5
(11.2; 38.0)
38.1 ± 20.0
(25.0; 51.2)
Sub-mucosa control 8.5 ± 11.9
(0.7; 16.3)
12.8 ± 11.7
(5.1; 20.4)
21.2 ± 20.8
(7.7; 34.8)
40.9 ± 21.4
(26.9; 54.9)
p 0.515 0.678 0.594 0.678
Close-to-window plasma 12.9 ± 11.9
(5.1; 20.7)
15.9 ± 8.5
(10.4; 21.5)
28.8 ± 17.6
(17.3; 40.3)
29.4 ± 12.2
(21.4; 37.4)
Close-to-window control 13.4 ± 8.4
(7.9; 18.9)
14.5 ± 9.7
(8.1; 20.8)
27.9 ± 15.9
(17.5; 38.3)
29.8 ± 16.4
(19.1; 40.5)
p 0.767 0.594 0.813 0.906
  1. OB outer bone, INB interpenetrating bone network. Total new bone = OB + INB. β-TCP HA residual alloplastic graft
  2. None of the difference was statistically significant