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Table 1 Tissues components in percentages (%) in the elevated area in the plasma and control sites after 2 and 10 weeks of healing. Mean values (in bold) ±standard deviation and 95% confidence interval (upper; lower)

From: New bone ingrowth into β-TCP/HA graft activated with argon plasma: a histomorphometric study on sinus lifting in rabbits

  OB IBN Total new bone β-TCP HA Soft tissues Vessels Osteoclastic zones Inflammatory infiltrate
2 weeks plasma 6.1 ± 4.9
(3.0; 9.1)
2.2 ± 2.4
(0.7; 3.6)
8.2 ± 7.0
(3.9; 12.6)
52.1 ± 12.4
(44.4; 59.7)
37.4 ± 8.4
(32.2; 42.5)
2.2 ± 1.3
(1.4; 3.0)
0.1 ± 0.2
(0.0; 0.1)
0.1 ± 0.4
(0.0; 0.4)
2 weeks control 6.0 ± 5.0
(2.9; 9.1)
3.3 ± 4.3
(0.6; 6.0)
9.3 ± 8.5
(4.0 16.4)
52.5 ± 8.1
(47.5; 57.5)
35.6 ± 5.9
(31.9; 39.3)
2.6 ± 1.1
(1.9; 3.3)
0.0 ± 0.1
(0.0; 0.1)
0.0 ± 0.0
(0.0; 0.0)
p 0.594 0.093 0.635 0.575 0.507 0.069 0.180 0.317
10 weeks plasma 16.0 ± 9.2
(9.9; 22.0)
18.0 ± 9.0
(12.2; 23.9)
34.0 ± 17.3
(22.7; 45.4)
28.3 ± 12.6
(20.1; 36.5)
35.7 ± 8.0
(30.5; 41.0)
1.9 ± 0.7
(1.4; 2.3)
0.1 ± 0.1
(0.0; 0.1)
0.1 ± 0.2
(− 0.1; 0.2)
10 weeks control 15.3 ± 5.1
(12.0; 18.7)
16.0 ± 8.3
(10.6; 21.5)
31.3 ± 11.9
(23.5; 39.1)
31.9 ± 11.8
(24.2; 39.6)
34.6 ± 5.4
(31.3; 38.1)
1.9 ± 1.0
(1.2; 2.5)
0.2 ± 0.3
(0.0; 0.3)
0.1 ± 0.2
(0.0; 0.2)
p 0.767 0.407 0.594 0.314 0.678 0.726 0.416 0.317
  1. OB outer bone, INB interpenetrating bone network. Total new bone = OB + INB. β-TCP HA residual alloplastic graft.
  2. None of the difference was statistically significant