Skip to main content

Table 4 Patient-related probable risk indicators for the occurrence of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis

From: Analysis of risk indicators for prevalence of peri-implant diseases in Turkish population

Variable   Peri-implant mucositis Peri-implantitis
Univariate regression Multivariate regression Univariate regression Multivariate regression
OR 95% CI p OR 95% CI p OR 95% CI p OR 95% CI p
Gender Female 0.673 (0.391–1.158) 0.153     0.577 (0.332–1.002) 0.051    
Age   1.056 (1.032–1.080) 0.000*     1.047 (1.023–1.071) 0.000*    
Smoking Yes 1.179 (0.638–2.179) 0.599     2.981 (1.634–5.437) 0.000*    
Frequency of maintenance/year < 2 2.866 (1.659–4.953) 0.000* 2.576 (1.403–4.729) 0.002* 2.278 (1.311–3.956) 0.003* 2.048 (1.074–3.907) 0.030*
Systemic disease Yes 1.965 (1.021–3.782) 0.043     2.697 (1.353–5.021) 0.004*    
Diabetes Yes 1.426 (0.491–4.147) 0.514     3.742 (1.382–10.136) 0.009*    
Periodontal disease Periodontitis 5.874 (3.283–10.509) 0.000* 3.342 (1.702–6.561) 0.000* 6.634 (3.642–12.082) 0.000* 3.295 (1.593–6.815) 0.001*
Number of implants >4 2.417 (1.324–4.412) 0.004*     3.097 (1.685–5.693) 0.000* 2.103 (1.040–4.251) 0.039*
PI   3.362 (2.038–5.546) 0.000* 3.046 (1.724–5.383) 0.000* 8.365 (4.769–14.670) 0.000* 7.055 (3.803–13.088) 0.000*
  1. PI plaque index, OR odds ratio
  2. *Indicates statistically significant