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Table 2 Mean fractal dimension (FD) values before and after implant insertion

From: Evaluation of the peri-implant bone trabecular microstructure changes in short implants with fractal analysis

 nMeanStandard deviationMinimumMaximum
FD01301.2430.1520.7501.560
FD11301.1130.2240.4051.510
FD21301.1160.1960.4101.510
FD3671.0920.2160.4301.500
FD4671.0810.2470.4301.500
  1. FD0 fractal dimension 0 (preoperative), FD1 fractal dimension 1 (0–1 month of follow-up), FD2 fractal dimension 2 (1–3 months of follow-up), FD3 fractal dimension 3 (6–12 months of follow-up), FD4 fractal dimension 4 (12 + months of follow-up)