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Table 3 Percentages of tissues around the implant surface after 8 weeks of healing. Mean percentages ± standard deviations (SD), medians, and 25th and 75th percentiles (25th; 75th) of tissues around the implant surface (n = 11)

From: Bone healing at non-submerged implants installed with different insertion torques: a split-mouth histomorphometric randomized controlled trial

  New bonePre-existing (old) boneTotal mineralized boneBone debris/clot remnantsSoft tissuesVessels
< 10 NcmMean (SD)36.6 ± 8.116.4 ± 11.153.0 ± 13.50.2 ± 0.544.6 ± 13.42.2 ± 1.8
Median (25th; 75th)38.5 (32.5; 41.5)16.7 (8.9; 23.4)56.6 (41.6; 60.8)0.0 (0.0; 0.0)40.9 (36.4; 55.5)1.5 (1.0; 3.4)
~ 30 NcmMean (SD)35.9 ± 10.016.3 ± 11.452.2 ± 16.01.0 ± 1.644.0 ± 15.62.7 ± 2.2
Median (25th; 75th)37.2 (29.6; 42.8)11.7 (9.4; 23.9)55.2 (39.7; 62.8)0.0 (0.0; 2.0)42.5 (32.3; 57.8)2.3 (1.3; 3.4)
  1. None of the differences between ~ 30 and < 10 Ncm sites was statistically significant (p < 0.05)