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Table 2 Percentages of tissues on and around the implant surface after 8 weeks of healing. Means, standard deviations, and 95% confidence intervals of the differences between means of ~ 30 and < 10 Ncm sites (n = 11)

From: Bone healing at non-submerged implants installed with different insertion torques: a split-mouth histomorphometric randomized controlled trial

  New bonePre-existing (old) boneTotal mineralized boneBone debris/clot remnantsSoft tissuesVessels
Tissues in contact
with the surface
Mean ± SD10.1 ± 21.50.1 ± 12.210.2 ± 27.52.6 ± 4.7− 12.8 ± 26.4 
95% upper; lower CI− 3.2; 23.4− 7.4; 7.6− 6.8; 27.3− 0.3; 5.5− 29.2; 3.5 
p values0.1140.9590.2130.0800.091 
Tissues around the implant surfaceMean ± SD− 0.7 ± 14.0− 0.1 ± 17.8− 0.8 ± 20.30.9 ± 1.5− 0.6 ± 19.60.5 ± 3.0
95% upper; lower CI− 9.4; 7.9− 11.1; 11.0− 13.4; 11.80.0; 1.8− 12.8; 11.6− 1.4; 2.3
p values0.8590.9290.7900.0660.9290.508
  1. None of the differences between ~ 30 and < 10 Ncm sites was statistically significant (p < 0.05)