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Table 1 Descriptive statistics demonstrate patient characteristics and outcomes of MIAMBE technique in the selected studies

From: Is antral membrane balloon elevation truly minimally invasive technique in sinus floor elevation surgery? A systematic review

Study Patients Age
(years)
N of sinus augmentation Sinus augmentation success rate % Baseline bone height (mm) Bone gain (mm) Antral membrane elevation (mm) Total bone height (mm) Inflate balloon volume Type of graft Membrane perforation Test for membrane perforation Complications Follow-up period after operation
N M:F R M N PR %
Kfir et al. [5] 12 NM 42 ± 9 NM 91.6 3.7 ± 1.4 NM > 10 10–17 ≤ 2.5 mL -PRF
-ABP
-Bi-Ostetic
synthetic
bone graft
1 8.33 Valsalva maneuver
Direct visualization
1 membrane tear
1 balloon rupture
1 implant failed
23 months
12 NM NM 100 3.5 ± 1.3 NM > 10 10–18 0 0 1 mild periprocedural nosebleed 12 months
Kfir et al. [29] 36 M = 18
F: 18
42 ± 9 36 97.2 3.4 ± 2.1 NM > 10 8–18 NM -PRF
-ABP
-Bi-Ostetic
Synthetic
bone graft
-Fisiograft
gel
1 2.77 Valsalva maneuver 1 membrane tear
2 implant failed
6–8 months
Hu et al. [30] 28 M = 143
F = 14
40.2 ± 12.35 28 92.85 4.92 ± 1.24 NM Mean 10.9 ± 2.06 NM 0.67 ± 0.17 mL -PRF
-Bio-Oss
2 7.14 Valsalva maneuver 1 mild nosebleed after surgery
2 membrane tear and the cases aborted
15.9 ± 2.94 months.
Kfir et al. [31] 112 M = 50
F = 62
44.1 ± 12.9 NM 97.3% initial procedural success 100% secondary procedural success 3.8 ± 2.1 NM > 10 11–18 NM -PRF
-Synthetic
bone graft
-ABP
-Fisiograft
gel
12 10.71 Valsalva maneuver
Direct visualization
1 infection and oroantral fistula at 4 weeks
3 membrane tear and the procedures aborted
9 micropuncture
13 months
Mazor et al. [32] 20 NM 37–72 24 100 2–6 NM 11 NM NM -PRF
-Synthetic
bone
substitute
0 0 Valsalva maneuver
Direct visualization
1 patient was allergic to the antibiotic 18 months
Petruzzi et al. [33] 40 M = 16
F = 24
41.5 NM NM 8.00 ± 2.19   0.6 ≤ 20 14.66 ± 1.48 1– ml Calcium
sulphate
solution
3 7.5 Microscope (KarlKaps) 1 m acrolaceration
2 m icrolacerations
4 hemifacial edema
1 year
Peñarrocha-Diago et al. [34] 6 M = 5 27–51 6 83.3% for the all 6 cases 100% for the five cases 2.1–4.1 7.2–10.8 8.7 NM 11.3–14.5 NM -ABP
-BIO-OSS
bovine bone
grafts
1 16.66 (Medi Pack Pal)
endoscope
1 membrane tear and case aborted 1 year after prosthetic loading
Gonzalez et al. [35] 14 M = 7
F = 7
NM NM 71.4 5.2   8.5 NM NM NM BIO-OSS
bovine bone
grafts
3 21.32 An operating microscope Failure of four cases due to mucosa perforation (21.32%) and balloon breakage (7.14%).
1 implant showed marginal periimplantitis which treated successfully
1 year
Dhandapani et al. [36] 9 NM 25–60 10 100 5–8 3–5.5 4.34 ≥ 10 13.5–9 1 cc Irradiated
allogeneic
cancellous
bone and
marrow graft
0 0 NM No complications 6 months
Asmael, and Lateef [37] 13 M = 4
F:9
28–57 17 100 2.3–7.8 4.9 –10.6 6.70 NM 9.8–17.2 0.5–1 cc Particulate
bone grafts
(βTricalcium
Phosphate)
0 0 Direct
vi ion
Hydraulic pressure
1 mild nasal bleeding
1 infraorbital
ecchymosis
1 year
Total : Average
Total : Range
     91.6
100–71.4%
  6.968
3–10.8 mm
     6.76
0–21.32%
   
  1. MIAMBE minimally invasive antral membrane balloon elevation, N number, NM not mentioned, M:F male: female numbers, M mean, R range, PRF platelets rich fibrin, PRP platelets rich plasma, ABP autogenous bone particles, PR perforation rate