Skip to main content

Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: Relation between the stability of dental implants and two biological markers during the healing period: a prospective clinical study

Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
Patients aged 25–65 years Presence of periodontal disease or periapical lesions
Ability to participate in this study History of bone augmentation at the implant site in the past 6 months
No systemic diseases (e.g., diabetes, osteoporosis, hypertension, etc.) History of tooth extraction at the implant site in the past 6 months
Nonsmokers A need for submersion of an implant
No contraindication for minor oral surgery Requirement for grafting of bone or soft tissue at the time of implant insertion
No psychosis or psychiatric disorders Pregnancy or positive to pregnancy test
No uncontrolled bleeding disorders Postmenopausal women
No bisphosphonate, hormone replacement, or corticosteroid drug use Physical disorders which would interfere with the ability to maintain oral health care
No anti-inflammatory drug use for 6 months before surgery  
Never received radiotherapy of the head and neck region  
Adequate oral hygiene (average modified sulcus bleeding index ≤1, average modified plaque index ≤1)  
Adequate bone volume to achieve the plan without other surgery (bone height ≥12 mm, bone width ≥7 mm)  
Existing healthy contralateral posterior mandibular tooth