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Table 3 Synopsis of included studies on dental implants and prosthetics on dental implants in order of publication year

From: Occlusal rehabilitation in patients with congenitally missing teeth—dental implants, conventional prosthetics, tooth autotransplants, and preservation of deciduous teeth—a systematic review

Author Year Study type Population Treatment Comparison Patients Implants Implant survival [%] Implant success [%] Prosthes. survival [%] Marginal resorpt.[mm] Infra occlusion [mm] Follow-up [y] Risk of bias
Ledermann [40] 1993 Retrospect Agenesis, trauma FPD 9–18 years 34 42 90 90 100    3 M
Kearns [41] 1999 ProspObs ED 5–17 years Full denture All 6 41 97.6      7.8 L
      <6 years 2 9 100 44.4 0    7.8  
      >12 years 4 32 96.9 96.9 100    7.8  
Thilander [3] 2001 ProspObs Agen,<18 years trauma SC, FPD All 18 47 100 100 93.9    10 L
      Incisors 12 26 100 100 88.2 0.75 0.98 10  
      Canines 4 8 100 100 100 0.6 0 10  
      Premolars 5 13 100 100 100 0.5 0.1–0.6 10  
Guckes [42] 2002 ProspObs ED 5–18 years Full denture All 51 264 90      2 L
      Maxilla   21 71      2  
      Mandible   243 91      2  
      <11 years   46 85      2  
      11–18 years   122 87      2  
      >18 years   96 95      2  
Sweeney [43] 2005 Retrospect ED adolesc. FPD, full denture All 14 61 88.5   94    3.33 L
      Maxilla 4 15 80      3.33  
      Mandible 14 46 91.3      3.33  
Finnema [27] 2005 Retrospect Oligodont. adults FPD All 13 87 89.7      3 L
      Maxilla    86      3  
      Mandible    96      3  
Poggio [44] 2005 Retrospect Oligodont. adults SC No 24 46 100   82.6    5.25 M
Zarone [45] 2006 ProspObs Ag incisors adults SC No 30 34 97.1 94.1   1.2   3.75 L
Becelli [46] 2007 Retrospect Oligodont. adults SC, FPD No 8 60 96.6      8.5 L
Bergendal [20] 2008 Survey ED, adoles children n.s. All 26 47 76.6      0.6 M
      14–15 years 21 33 93.9      0.6  
      <13 years 5 14 35.7      0.6  
Dueled [26] 2008 Retrospect Oligodont SC, FPD Implant supported 110 179 100 87.3 99    3.8 L
Krieger [25] 2009 Retrospect Oligodont. adults SC, FPD All impl 17 40 92.5   87.9    15.1 L
      SCImpl 12 24 87.5 62 83.3    15.1  
      FDP Impl 6 16 100 100 100    15.1  
Degidi [47] 2009 RCT Ag Incisors adults SC All 60 60 100 98.3 100    3 L
      Imm. load 30 30 100 100 100 0.85   3  
      Conv. load 30 30 100 96.6 93.3 0.75   3  
Creton [1] 2010 Retrospect Oligodont. adults FPD No 44 214 89.8      2.9 L
Grecchi (a) [15] 2010 Retrospect ED adults FPD All 4 44 100 90.9   0.4   1.8 M
      Grafted 3   100    0.3    
      Non-graft 1   100    1.2    
      Maxilla   20 100    0.2    
      Mandible   24 100    0.7    
Grecchi (b) [22] 2010 Retrospect ED adults FPD No 8 78 98.7    0.5–0.6   1.8 Pooled
Nissan [48] 2011 Unclear Agenesis SC No 12 21 95.2 95.2     2.5 M
Heuberer [38] 2012 Retrospect Mixed ED < 12 years Full denture All 6 16 93.8   100    4 L
      Maxilla, onplants 4 8 87.5   100    5  
      Mandible 3 8 100   100    3  
Hosseini [49] 2013 ProspObs Hypodontia SC No 59 98 100 99 97.2    3 L
Zou [50] 2014 Retrospect ED Adults FPD No 25 169 98.3 97.2 100 1.4   5 L